The Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition Stamps.
Father Jacques Marquette, a French missionary, arrived in the new world in 1666. Wikipedia states that members of the Illinois tribes requested Marquette to “teach their people.”
He was proficient in various Indian languages and therefore had effortless ability to communicate, though it isn’t clear if he taught Christianity or subjects of a more scholarly vein, but perhaps both.
In 1673, he resolved to travel with the famous explorer Louis Jolliet. They went down rivers and up rivers and crossed lakes during their lengthy expedition (this is an indifferent explanation of their adventure). The Illinois Nation must have felt a respect and friendship for Marquette, since he was invited to stay with a tribe during the winter months of 1674. His group held the honor of the first Europeans to winter in Chicago.
How amazing to live with the Indians, eat their foods, sleep in their longhouses and just participate in a lifestyle that was completely foreign to him.
Sadly, he died due to sickness in 1675 at the age of 37, though he lived an extraordinary life filled with new ideas and experiences.
His name is remembered today for:
Statues, Plaques and Markers
and of course Stamps
The Illinois confederation that befriended him consisted of 13 tribes. These indigenous tribes were basically farmers who farmed and hunted with a tinge of gathering.
Wikipedia states they planted The Three Sisters, which consisted of corn, beans and squash.
Sadly, over time they were involuntarily forced onto an Oklahoma reservation, and that’s where their ancestors reside today. Just a small part of the Native American genocide that isn’t properly taught in our schools.
This is a painting of the Trail of Tears, which should sadden even the hardest hearts. I’m not sure if the Illinois tribes were part of this vile excursion, yet their trip would have been just as full of heartbreak and hopelessness .
This is one of the stamps celebrating and exemplifying the history and progress of the US in settling and thriving throughout the western land.
In 1898, stamp collectors existed (how would they judge the beautiful stamps in 2018, 120 years later) and though they loved this series of stamps–they were not pleased with the price of two dollars for the most expensive stamp. That’s around 60 dollars in today’s money and a sizable amount for one stamp, even today.
This one cent stamp is the equivalent of twenty-nine cents in 2018 currency, and can be purchased for around fifty dollars in mint condition.